Earth-sized Planets Discovered in Planetary System

11 June, 2018, 16:23 | Author: Darnell Taylor
  • Scientists Discover New Planet'EPIC 211945201 600 Light Years Away at Mount Abu Observatory

What is interesting is that this is the first of its kind spectrograph in India as it can measure the mass of a planet going around a star.Prof Abhijit Chakraborty said that the new planet, which is 600 light years away from Earth, was between the size of Saturn and Neptune.

While the planet is orbiting a Sun-like star, it's also roughly more than seven times closer to its star than Earth is to the Sun, which means the temperature could be around 600 degrees Celsius and likely too hot and dry to support life. This has listed India among the countries which have discoveries of planets to their credit.

In a post on its website, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said that the name of the planet is EPIC 211945201b or K2-236b.

Ahmedabad, have discovered an exoplanet that is larger than Neptune but smaller than Saturn.

Otherwise, the planets are probably inhospitable: they are very close to their star and therefore very warm.

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The Indian team from the PRL employed their "PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-sky Search" (PARAS) spectrograph with which they measured the mass of the new exoplanet. Both the planet and the star have been named EPIC. Now, a trio of new rocky worlds has been discovered orbiting a distant star, and while they're a lot like Earth in terms of size, they're a bit steamier.

Importantly, this discovery could help scientists understand how these types of planets form so close to their host star.

On the other hand, only a few such accurate and powerful spectrographs exist around the world, the majority of which being in the U.S. and Europe.

While we're not expecting to travel to Earth-like planets anytime soon, scientists are still preoccupied with finding them, if only to see that we're potentially not alone in the universe.

Based on the mass and radius, model-dependent calculations suggest that the heavy elements, like ice, silicates, and iron content is 60 to 70% of the total mass. The PRL scientists observed the target for around 420 days for probing the nature of the system using the PARAS spectrograph.

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