Scientists have discovered a piece of amber is an amazing ancient creature

19 August, 2018, 03:29 | Author: Darnell Taylor
  • Cycad pollen grains associated with C. cycadophilus Credit NIGPAS

"Boganiid beetles have been ancient pollinators for cycads since the Age of Cycads and Dinosaurs", he points out in a statement. Because locked in the amber with it was evidence of how insects helped with pollination long before the arrival of flowering plants.

Cycads, or leafhoppers, are the most ancient gymnosperm plant, common on the earth before the emergence of flowering plants.

Bees and butterflies are primarily known for pollinating flowers. Though the beetle has always been suspect No. 1 for shuttling pollen from male to female cycads, the new specimen, found in Myanmar, significantly strengthens the case, The New York Times reports.

A dorsal view of the mid-Cretaceous beetle Cretoparacucujus cycadophilus, including the mandibular cavities it likely used for pollination.

Amazingly preserved remains of a 99-million-year-old beetle that crawled alongside T-Rex has been found in amber (pictured).

It is believed that the mutually beneficial cooperation of Coleoptera beetles and cycads are commenced not less than 250 million years ago and possibly much earlier, although direct paleontological evidence is not found.

Measles on the rise nationally, 2 cases found in DC area
The health department urges anyone experiencing symptoms of measles to see their health care provider and report suspected cases. While the disease is treatable, the CDC said , one or two out of every 1,000 children who get measles die from complications .


Vladimir Putin dances with Austria's pro-Moscow foreign minister at her wedding
Michel Reimon, an Austrian Green member of the European parliament (MEP) called on Kneissl to resign from her post. Other topics on the pair's agenda are Iran, human rights and "other bilateral issues", Ms Merkel said.


Netflix Cancels The Break with Michelle Wolf, Joel McHale Show
Donald Trump did not attend the dinner and he, alongside many others, were also targeted by Wolf. "Abortion - I salute you!" Netflix reportedly cancelled comedian Michelle Wolf's show after only three months on the streaming service.


Chenyang Cai, study lead author and now a research fellow at the University of Bristol, explains that he was instantly intrigued by the discovery of the beetle.

Dr Cai said: 'Our find indicates a probable ancient origin of beetle pollination of cycads at least in the Early Jurassic, long before angiosperm dominance and the radiation of flowering-plant pollinators, such as bees, later in the Cretaceous'. Indeed, when Cai and colleagues examined the fossil more closely under a microscope, they discovered tiny pollen grains.

Beetles commonly pollinate cycads in South Africa and Australia - supporting an ancient origin of the relationship, say the researchers. Their analysis indicates the fossilized beetle belonged to a sister group to the extant Australian Paracucujus, which pollinate the relic cycad Macrozamia riedlei. Li analyzed pollen grains from the amber first spotted by Cai, confirming that it had come from a cycad.

The insect in question, no more than two millimeters long, belongs to the ancient boganiid family - known cycad pollinators, notes Gizmodo.

Cai has been attempting to find similar beetle pollinators that are left undiscovered.

Today, most flowering plants, including many food crops, could not reproduce without the insect transport of pollen.

Recommended:

  • Wallabies suffer Thor-sized Bledisloe blow

    Wallabies suffer Thor-sized Bledisloe blow

    The 22-year-old they call the "Tongan Thor' has emerged as a significant contributor off the bench for the Wallabies ". Ainsley, born in Cromwell and schooled at Otago Boys' High School, plays his Super Rugby for the Melbourne Rebels.
    Arsenal suffer Maitland-Niles blow

    Arsenal suffer Maitland-Niles blow

    Meanwhile, both left back Nacho Monreal and centre forward Danny Welbeck are ready to join the Gunners' training sessions. Arsenal defender, Sead Kolasinac had been ruled out for eight to ten weeks with a knee injury.
    Trump cancels plans for military parade

    Trump cancels plans for military parade

    The festivities would honor USA military veterans and commemorate the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One. He's been planning a enormous parade in D.C., reportedly ever since he spent Bastille Day in France past year .
  • SEC sends subpoena to Tesla over Elon Musk tweets

    SEC sends subpoena to Tesla over Elon Musk tweets

    The reason: Mr Musk's funding claims are alleged to have been of the misleading sort - something the SEC doesn't look kindly on. As announced, Musk plans to take Tesla private and shelter it from short sellers or shareholder public pressure.
    Urban Meyer investigation at Ohio State to be completed Sunday

    Urban Meyer investigation at Ohio State to be completed Sunday

    Last month, Zach Smith was sacked from Ohio State after accusations of domestic violence made by his ex-wife were made public. Former Ohio House Speaker Jo Ann Davidson serves as chair of the working group.
    Rare triple play at Angels - Rangers game Thursday

    Rare triple play at Angels - Rangers game Thursday

    Profar tagged the bag to force out the runner from second, and then tagged the runner on third base for the second out. After some initial confusion umpires sorted things out, and Texas had a triple play not seen in over a century.
  • Apple Planning to Launch 'Entry-Level' MacBook, AirPower Charger in September

    Apple Planning to Launch 'Entry-Level' MacBook, AirPower Charger in September

    So, like we said, it's doubtful Apple is going to shove another product into the mix and still keep the event to +/- two hours. DigiTimes also says that the new 13-inch MacBook will feature Intel CPUs built with the company's 14nm Kaby Lake process.

    Mark Lawrenson makes Arsenal admission ahead of Chelsea FC clash

    I don't know, now, what can happen but my feeling is that we can be a very good team. "In this moment, he has to work". I'm not sure, it's nothing serious but he has a very unusual injury. 'I think we lost completely the distances.
    England v India: third Test, day one

    England v India: third Test, day one

    Based on these performances, Woakes has been given another opportunity. Here are the records Shikhar Dhawan and KL Rahul's 60-run-stand broke.
  • Nick Jonas to Priyanka Chopra: Future Mrs Jonas. My heart. My love

    Nick Jonas to Priyanka Chopra: Future Mrs Jonas. My heart. My love

    Fans are abuzz with the news of Bollywood actor Priyanka Chopra and American singer Nick Jonas' engagement ceremony today. Chopra and Jonas, with their respective families, gathered in Mumbai for an engagement party that her family is hosting.
    Arsenal star set for transfer u-turn with Napoli now in pole position

    Arsenal star set for transfer u-turn with Napoli now in pole position

    The Gunners are happy to let the goalkeeper leave the club this summer following the arrival of German goalkeeper Bernd Leno . Despite being a Colombia global Ospina is believed to have taken on French citizenship during a six-year spell at Nice.
    Ford's 50th Anniversary Mustang Cobra Jet Debuts

    Ford's 50th Anniversary Mustang Cobra Jet Debuts

    Besides the unique engine , the Cobra Jet has two-way coil-over shocks, an adjustable ride height and a solid 9-inch rear end. Fifty years ago Ford struck out at the NHRA Super Stock competition with its prepped Mustang Cobra Jet racer.


Popular

Stokes should make instant comeback for England, says Hussain
They could decide to attack me at any time if I was to turn my back on either of these two. Stokes has missed seven of England's past 11 Tests, dating back to the Ashes.

Arsenal players must pass ball to Mesut Özil more, says Unai Emery
But we will start off with the bare form figures, starting with Chelsea's recent home League results... After the loss, Emery said he was happy with the 36-year-old's performance.

US Judge blocks GTA Online modding programs
He added that the programs could damage the company's sales and reputation as people could be discouraged from buying its games. Take-Two further stated it will continue to pursue legal action to protect its multiplayer community, according to Reuters .

Mauricio Pochettino anticipating players leaving Tottenham before European deadline
If it doesn't happen, we must keep going, take our time, stay calm and, in some way, find a solution for a completely new team. A refund has been offered to fans for the Liverpool and Cardiff matches, but Pochettino understands the fans' frustration.

Tom Brady, Nick Foles finally connect after missed Super Bowl handshake
After forcing a quick three and out, the Patriots' offense and Tom Brady took the field and set the tone for the rest of the game. But, I have a lot of respect for Nick and Carson (Wentz ), all those quarterbacks, and that team and the way they played.

USA redirects Syria funds, emphasizes it is not withdrawing
President Trump is saving USA taxpayers another $230 million dollars a year by pulling funding for ongoing programs in Syria. In May, the State Department announced that it had ended all funding for stabilization programs in Syria's northwest.

Jose Mourinho Takes Aim At Manchester City Over Classless Documentary
Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho says Manchester City's recently released documentary shows that you "cannot buy class". Mourinho brought in Diogo Dalot, Fred and Lee Grant in what was a rather underwhelming transfer window for the Red Devils.

Former UN Secretary General, Koffi Annan Dies At 80
UN Secretary-General of the UN Antonio Guterres also voiced deep sorrow at the news, calling Annan "a guiding force for good". The Ghanaian national died in hospital in Bern, Switzerland, in the early hours of this morning.

You can now cycle to Cardiff City FC home matches with nextbike
Before answering questions, Benitez offered his congratulations to Cardiff and Neil Warnock on gaining promotion last season. A trip to Wales is a great opportunity for Newcastle United to redeem themselves.

Amazon is reportedly working on a TiVo-like DVR for live TV
Amazon also plans to update its Fire TV stick - a smaller version of the Fire TV box - with newer software, the person added. In June, Amazon introduced Fire TV Cube , which serves as a hands-free, voice-commanded remote for TV sets and cable boxes.