Fourth Hottest Year in Earth’s Recorded History - Climate Report

08 February, 2019, 18:11 | Author: Darnell Taylor
  • A man cools off in fountain on the Rose Kennedy Greenway in Boston Massachusetts US

The lines plotted on this graph show yearly temperature anomalies from 1880 to 2018, compared to the 1951-1980 global average, as recorded by NASA, NOAA, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), the Berkeley Earth group, and the UK Met Office. Scientists warn that if we're to avoid the worst affects of climate change, we cannot allow the temperature to rise more than 2 degrees compared to pre-industrial levels.

The Earth experienced its fourth-hottest year in more than 136 years in 2018.

An analysis of five worldwide datasets by the WMO showed that the global average surface temperature in 2018 was approximately 1° above the pre-industrial starting point.

2018, it turns out, broke quite a few records, none of them good.

Last December was the second-warmest December in the 139 years that records have been kept.

As much of world continues to rely on fossil fuels, greenhouse gases will keep mounting, trapping heat in the atmosphere.

"The long-term temperature trend is far more important than the ranking of individual years, and that trend is an upward one", said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas.

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Global temperatures in 2018 were the fourth warmest since records began in 1880, U.S. government scientists have confirmed. NASA and NOAA analyzed the same data independently and came to the same conclusion.

The British Met Office said temperatures could rise to 1.5C above pre-industrial times, for instance if a natural El Nino weather event adds a burst of heat.

"The 14 events, in total, claimed at least 247 lives and cost $91 billion", NOAA said in a statement.

NASA announced today that 2018 was officially the 4th warmest year since the 1880s, with the fastest increase in warming found in the Arctic. The Paris pact responded to a 1992 United Nations treaty under which all governments agreed to avert "dangerous" man-made climate change.

The warming trends were strongest in the Arctic region, which saw continued loss of sea ice in 2018.

U.S. President Donald Trump, who has cast doubt on mainstream climate science and promotes the coal industry, plans to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement.

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