Finland's basic income trial boosted well-being, but not employment
10 February, 2019, 22:13 | Author: Wade Massey
The Finnish government's Social Insurance Institute (Kela) published mixed results Friday in its bid to find simpler alternatives to the Nordic nation's social security model that now includes sanctions on beneficiaries who turn down work.
The centre-right government that put the policy into place had hoped that within a year, a significantly number of the recipients would be employed compared to a control group that did not receive the income. "This is what I call the Nordic welfare model 2.0", he added.
The basic income has been controversial, however, with leaders of the main Finnish political parties keen to streamline the benefits system but wary of offering "money for nothing", especially ahead of parliamentary elections due in April.
The higher taxes that the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) says would be needed to pay for basic income schemes might also be off-putting for voters. Final conclusions from the Experiment could however not be drawn, since not all the data have been evaluated.
"The basic income recipients of the test group reported better wellbeing in every way in comparison with the comparison group", the trial's chief researcher Olli Kangas said.
He said the end of the two-year trial, during which he published two books, had made it hard again for him to accept commissions, because "I. can earn only 300 euros per month without losing any benefits".
Finland's basic income probe did not increase the employment level of the recipients during 2017, the first year of a two-year test, initial results showed on Friday.
"The recipients of a basic income were no better or worse than the control group at finding employment in the open labour market", Ohto Kanninen, research coordinator at the Labour Institute for Economic Research, said in a statement.
The proportion that had had earnings or income from self-employment was approximately one percentage point higher for the recipients of a basic income than for the control group (43.70% and 42.85%).
Fifty-five percent of basic income participants and 46 percent of the control group surveyed at the end of previous year perceived their health as good or very good.
The BBC recently reported on the results of Finland's new basic income program.
Participants were generally positive, however, with Tuomas Muraja, a 45-year-old journalist and author, saying the basic income had allowed him to concentrate on writing instead of filling out forms or attending jobseekers' courses.
"They were also more confident in their future and in their ability to influence societal issues", she added.
Universal basic income (UBI) has become a hot topic in many Western developed nations, where it appears that automation and advancements in AI might gradually increase unemployment to potentially risky levels. In addition, they felt that there is less bureaucracy involved when claiming social security benefits and they were more often than the control group of the opinion that a basic income makes it easier to accept a job offer or set up a business.
As part of a nationwide trial, 2,000 randomly-selected unemployed people were given €560 a month to live on for two years.
The data shows that the people who were selected to participate in the trial worked on average only a half-a-day more than people in the control group.
The experiment was begun on 1 January 2017 and ended on 31 December 2018.
New Zealand beat India by four runs in third T20, take series
In what was the only change for India , they swapped their wrist-spinner including Kuldeep Yadav in place of Yuzvendra Chahal. Dinesh Karthik and Krunal Pandya were only able to take 11 runs off it, with Karthik's six from the final ball in vain.
Florida man dances through DUI sobriety test
The vehicle started to roll forward, and the deputy had to jump inside and put on the brakes to stop it from hitting the gate. At one point in the tests, Larson was instructed to walk heel-to-toe across a piece of tape stretched out on the ground.
Around 47,488 tons of old devices had been collected by October previous year , with more than 5m mobile phones handed over. This creates a significant supply for collection and Olympic medal formation.
Peskov accused Washington of "underhanded competition" by trying to encourage Europeans "to buy more expensive American gas". Floating excavators prepare an underwater trench for the North Stream 2 pipeline close to Lubmin, Germany, May 15, 2018.
The Lagonda All-Terrain Concept, however, will have its market debut in 2021, even before the Vision Concept sedan. Shares of Aston Martin Lagonda Global Holdings PLC (LON:AML) hit a new 52-week low during trading on Friday.
The Met Office said there was a risk of flooding north of the Central Belt because of "frequent heavy showers" and melting snow. The Met Office said strong westerly winds can be expected throughout the county for much of Saturday morning and afternoon.
For Barnes, Sacramento sent the Mavericks Justin Jackson and Zach Randolph as reported by ESPN's trade guru Adrian Wojnarowski. The Kings have been in the playoff hunt, surprisingly, all season long. "Everybody else would have bounced out".
"No final deal will be made until my friend President Xi, and I, meet in the near future", Trump tweeted on January 31. The 2 countries remain far apart on issues such as China's alleged violation of intellectual property rights.
May has been seeking changes to the deal with Brussels since it was rejected by a record majority in parliament on January 15. The move led to a backlash from pro-EU Labour MPs, but Starmer defended the approach and warned against a split in the party.
Jennifer Tilly , who voiced Chucky's bride Tiffany Valentine, will not be returning to the role. And although you never see the doll, he looks quite different than in Mancini's films.
Huge storms spotted on Uranus and Neptune
The usual icy blue tone of Neptune was disrupted by a brewing storm in a new photograph taken by the Hubble Space Telescope . But as time progressed, a reflective band-whitish against Uranus' blue hues-began to appear encircling the north pole.
AAF spring football league kicked off Saturday night
They also had three interceptions with linebacker Terence Garvin having two of them and returning one 51-yards for a touchdown. Dennis Erickson is head coach in Salt Lake and will face off against Arizona's Rick Neuheisel .
Fire extinguished at automated complex of Britain's Ocado
Ocado stressed it has comprehensive insurance for the property, stock and equipment and for business interruption losses. An exclusion zone has been lifted but firefighters may take another few days to extinguish the blaze fully.
Clippers rally from 28-point deficit to beat Celtics
Irving had 14 points in as many minutes before leaving, making his only 3-point attempt and all five free throws. After Tatum hit a 3, Beverley answered, and then Harrell poked another ball free to preserve the lead.