Timeline: Iran’s Islamic Revolution and the 40 years that followed

12 February, 2019, 10:20 | Author: Wade Massey
  • REUTERS  Raheb Homavandi  File

The march culminated at Azadi Square, where President Rouhani addressed the crowd.

"We have not, and will not, request permission from anyone for increasing our defensive power and for building all kinds of. missiles", he told the crowd.

The celebrations included several instance of muscle flexing, including the launch and test of new missiles, which would put Israel squarely within precise range of the Iranian armed forces.

The hardliners, who believe in the strict implementation of laws from 40 years ago, continuously clash with the reformists, who are pushing for more economic transparency.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was quick to respond saying later on Monday it would mark Iran's last revolution anniversary if it attacked any cities in Israel.

On Feb. 11, 1979 Iran's army declared its neutrality, paving the way for the fall of USA -backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

Dismissing calls that Iranian regional influence should be curbed, the deputy commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) was quoted as saying on February 11 that "the enemy can not ask us to leave the region".

"After 40 years, the Islamic Republic of Iran has failed to fulfill its promises to uphold and safeguard the rights of its citizens", Bolton tweeted Monday morning.

"If this regime makes the terrible mistake of trying to destroy Tel Aviv and Haifa, it will not succeed", the Israeli leader said. 40 years of terror.

Bolton said Washington would support 'the will of the Iranian people, & stand behind them to ensure their voices are heard'. "The long-suffering Iranian people deserve a much brighter future", Trump wrote on Twitter Monday.

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The state has played up this year's anniversary as 40 is symbolic of maturity in the Islamic tradition and the age at which Prophet Mohammed received revelations from God.

The large crowds at state-supported marches came as Iranians increasingly face economic hardship.

State television offered blanket coverage of the commemorations, showing marchers in cities ranging from Abadan in southwestern Iran to Mashad in the northeast.

Banners held by marchers or hung along the streets bore slogans including "Death to America", "Death to Israel", "we will trample on America", "forty yeas of challenge, forty years of United States defeats".

In a report coinciding with the celebrations, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said that 61,900 political prisoners had been held in Iran since the 1980s.

Those who took to the streets were bullish despite the economic problems in the country, made worse by Washington's punitive measures.

Citing leaked Iranian Judiciary documents, the Paris-based media watchdog also said that the authorities had arrested, imprisoned, or executed at least 860 journalists in the three decades between the 1979 revolution and 2009.

"At the revolution's 40 anniversary we are on top of scientific achievements like nanotechnology or accurate missiles", he said.

Last year, Bolton told a meeting of Iranian exiles that "before 2019, we here. will celebrate in Iran".

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