Italian children are no longer allowed to attend school unless they can prove they have been properly vaccinated under a new law.
And fines as high as roughly $560 could also be implemented if older children - ages 6 through 16 - are unvaccinated, according to the BBC.
Parents of older children could be fined up to $800 if they don't comply and children under six could be turned away from school, the BBC ha reported. The mandatory vaccinations include chickenpox, polio, mumps, rubella, and - perhaps most crucially at this time - measles.
The legislation follows months of debate over compulsory vaccination and came amid a surge in measles cases.
"Italy's measles vaccine coverage was par with Namibia, lower than Ghana", San Raffaele University microbiology and virology professor Roberto Burioni told CNN previous year.
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Health Minister Giulia Grillo said the rules were now simple: "No vaccine, no school".
The city of Bologna reportedly has at least 300 children who now do not comply with the vaccination requirements and are at risk of suspension from school.
Regional authorities are taking care of the situation through different ways, report Italian media.
The fresh law took place amid an increase in measles cases, however, Italian officials declared that vaccination levels have been better since it was offered.
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