Globally, the study suggests there are 170 new cases of traffic pollution-related asthma per 100,000 children every year, and 13 per cent of childhood asthma cases diagnosed each year are linked to traffic pollution. Although it is not yet clear which specific pollutant within the traffic-related air pollution mixture is the source of asthma development, reviews by the US Environmental Protection Agency and Health Canada suggest that a causal relationship is likely to exist between long-term nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and childhood asthma development.
Children are especially vulnerable to toxic air and exposure is also known to leave them with stunted lungs, the report said.
The researchers tracked these numbers from 2010 through 2015, finding that over four million children developed asthma annually in direct relation to their exposure to nitrogen dioxide.
That will involve issuing alerts for air pollution whenever the EPA's Air Quality Index (AQI) monitoring network shows an excessive amount of suspended particles, including PM2.5, and harmful gases in the air per cubic meter.
"Improving access to cleaner forms of transportation, like electric public transport and active commuting by cycling and walking, would not only lower NO2 levels but would also reduce asthma, enhance physical fitness and cut greenhouse gas emissions", Anenberg said. Numerous solutions aimed at cleaning up the air would not only prevent new cases of asthma and other serious health problems but they would also attenuate global warming, Anenberg said.
Scientists say the fumes may damage airways, leading to inflammation and the development of asthma in children who are genetically predisposed to it.
Tiger Woods almost taken down by security guard at Masters
Nicknamed "The Professor", the American schooled his rivals with one of the most impressive ends imaginable to his opening round. The 43-year-old will be desperate to claim his fifth Masters title after last taking the green jacket home back in 2005.
RCB Add Fuel To Dale Steyn Rumours With Cryptic Tweet
Meanwhile, Coulter-Nile's absence is a big blow to the franchise as the tall pacer is too good while bowling in the death overs. However, on his road to recovery, Steyn has delivered well against Pakistan and then Sri Lanka in the worldwide fold.
An estimated 4 million children developed asthma each year from 2010 to 2015 due to exposure to NO2 pollution, which primarily comes motor vehicle exhaust. This data on risks was used to calculate the number of new cases around the world.
By city, Lima in Peru has the highest rate of new childhood asthma cases due to traffic pollution. An estimated 235 million people worldwide now have asthma, which can cause wheezing as well as life-threatening attacks.
Professor Rajen N. Naidoo concurred with Dr Anenberg's assessment, commenting that "An important outcome from this study is the further evidence that the existing World Health Organization standards are not protective against childhood asthma". Indonesia (160,000) and Brazil (140,000) had the next largest burdens.
"The good news is that a transition to zero-emission vehicles is already underway", she said.
The researchers cited London's introduction of a new ultra-low emission zone and the Chinese city of Shenzhen's electrification of its entire bus fleet as examples of urban authorities taking action. "But this transition needs to become global, and it needs to happen faster".
Penny Woods, chief executive of the British Lung Foundation, said: "We used to think the only real danger roads posed to children was the threat of a vehicle accident".
"However now we can see there's an equally deadly risk; breathing in illegal levels of air pollution and getting a respiratory disease like asthma, or growing up to have smaller, weaker lungs".
Ivana married Donald Trump in 1977 but they split in 1989 when the now president began an affair with model Marla Maples . President Donald Trump confirmed that he had considered his eldest daughter for two high-profile worldwide positions.
When he was just outside the crease, DeBrusk was called for bringing him down from behind, and he went crashing into Rask. There would be no such comeback on this night. "We're going to need to keep going here throughout the series".
Ecuador had revoked the asylum he was granted after seeking refuge in the embassy in 2012, The Times reports. In a "plea to police, prison officers, and court staff" she said: "Please be patient, gentle & kind to him".
Dele Alli , meanwhile, broke his hand during the City tie and remains a doubt for Spurs' game tomorrow against Huddersfield . The England midfielder will be assessed to determine his availability for this weekend's match against Huddersfield Town.
Thielen is coming off a record-breaking season in which he had career highs in catches (113), yards (1,373) and touchdowns (nine). The Detroit Lakes native signed with the Vikes in 2013 as an undrafted free agent on a contract of just $1.48M over three years.
So far the Taliban has refused to meet directly with the Afghan government, which they dismiss as a USA puppet regime. The ICC was established by a United Nations treaty in 2002, and has been ratified by 123 countries, including the UK.
Efficiency ratio, a measure of profitability, worsened to 64.4 per cent from 63.6 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2018. But with bank valuations still below that of the S&P 500 average, downside moves to financial stocks may be limited.
In fact, Anthos is in line with what he learned at Oracle where Java was born and soon became the industry product. So, taking a leaf from his former employer's playbook, he would expand on his vision of a focused sales approach.
Burger King New Zealand has been called out by netizens for its new ad promoting a new Vietnamese burger. Like Burger King , the brand removed its own controversial ad after it sparked backlash on social media.
Trump harshly criticized those rate hikes, blaming them for a plunge in the stock market late previous year . If nominated and approved, Moore and Cain would fill the two remaining vacancies on the board.
The actress admitted that when she first met the singer, she could never imagine their relationship would reach the altar. I know what you're trying to do. "And we were like, 'Cool cool, maybe we should have prepared this a little bit more'".
New Avengers: Endgame Tease Shows Captain America's Pep Talk
With Endgame running over three hours, Marvel seems less concerned now with runtime and more with making the best movie possible. The big difference is that movie had a run-time of 2 hrs 36 mins while Endgame has a run-time of 3 hrs 2 mins.
Switzerland says coffee 'not essential', stockpiling to end
However, the news organization also reports that 12 of the 15 companies now stockpiling coffee wanted to continue the system. The government now says coffee is "not essential for life" so doesn't need to be included in the emergency reserves.
Trivago spokesman charged with DWI in Houston
Actor Timothy Williams, 52, was found passed out behind the steering wheel of a vehicle around 3:15 p.m., Houston police said. The actor was released on $100 bond - about $60 higher than the best rate on Trivago for a hotel in the Houston area.
Redmi working on a smartphone with 32 MP selfie camera?
Since it went solo, the company has launched four smartphones - Redmi Note 7 , Redmi Go , Redmi 7 , and Redmi Note 7 Pro . Currently, handsets like the Huawei P30 series and the Vivo V15 Pro feature a 32-megapixel sensor at the front.