Globally, the study suggests there are 170 new cases of traffic pollution-related asthma per 100,000 children every year, and 13 per cent of childhood asthma cases diagnosed each year are linked to traffic pollution. Although it is not yet clear which specific pollutant within the traffic-related air pollution mixture is the source of asthma development, reviews by the US Environmental Protection Agency and Health Canada suggest that a causal relationship is likely to exist between long-term nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and childhood asthma development.
Children are especially vulnerable to toxic air and exposure is also known to leave them with stunted lungs, the report said.
The researchers tracked these numbers from 2010 through 2015, finding that over four million children developed asthma annually in direct relation to their exposure to nitrogen dioxide.
That will involve issuing alerts for air pollution whenever the EPA's Air Quality Index (AQI) monitoring network shows an excessive amount of suspended particles, including PM2.5, and harmful gases in the air per cubic meter.
"Improving access to cleaner forms of transportation, like electric public transport and active commuting by cycling and walking, would not only lower NO2 levels but would also reduce asthma, enhance physical fitness and cut greenhouse gas emissions", Anenberg said. Numerous solutions aimed at cleaning up the air would not only prevent new cases of asthma and other serious health problems but they would also attenuate global warming, Anenberg said.
Scientists say the fumes may damage airways, leading to inflammation and the development of asthma in children who are genetically predisposed to it.
U.S. recalls Rock 'n Play Sleepers after 32 deaths
The Rock 'n Play Sleepers are sold at major retail outlets at prices ranging from $40 to $149, according to the notice . The company says these fatalities occurred after infants rolled over while unrestrained and under other circumstances.
An estimated 4 million children developed asthma each year from 2010 to 2015 due to exposure to NO2 pollution, which primarily comes motor vehicle exhaust. This data on risks was used to calculate the number of new cases around the world.
By city, Lima in Peru has the highest rate of new childhood asthma cases due to traffic pollution. An estimated 235 million people worldwide now have asthma, which can cause wheezing as well as life-threatening attacks.
Professor Rajen N. Naidoo concurred with Dr Anenberg's assessment, commenting that "An important outcome from this study is the further evidence that the existing World Health Organization standards are not protective against childhood asthma". Indonesia (160,000) and Brazil (140,000) had the next largest burdens.
"The good news is that a transition to zero-emission vehicles is already underway", she said.
The researchers cited London's introduction of a new ultra-low emission zone and the Chinese city of Shenzhen's electrification of its entire bus fleet as examples of urban authorities taking action. "But this transition needs to become global, and it needs to happen faster".
Penny Woods, chief executive of the British Lung Foundation, said: "We used to think the only real danger roads posed to children was the threat of a vehicle accident".
"However now we can see there's an equally deadly risk; breathing in illegal levels of air pollution and getting a respiratory disease like asthma, or growing up to have smaller, weaker lungs".
Dele Alli , meanwhile, broke his hand during the City tie and remains a doubt for Spurs' game tomorrow against Huddersfield . The England midfielder will be assessed to determine his availability for this weekend's match against Huddersfield Town.
Families are expected to receive around $1,250 a year through the program, which will be made retroactive this year to January 1. The government said performance outcomes will dictate a higher percentage of how much funding each college or university.
Meanwhile, Coulter-Nile's absence is a big blow to the franchise as the tall pacer is too good while bowling in the death overs. However, on his road to recovery, Steyn has delivered well against Pakistan and then Sri Lanka in the worldwide fold.
However, the news organization also reports that 12 of the 15 companies now stockpiling coffee wanted to continue the system. The government now says coffee is "not essential for life" so doesn't need to be included in the emergency reserves.
Burger King New Zealand has been called out by netizens for its new ad promoting a new Vietnamese burger. Like Burger King , the brand removed its own controversial ad after it sparked backlash on social media.
Ecuador had revoked the asylum he was granted after seeking refuge in the embassy in 2012, The Times reports. In a "plea to police, prison officers, and court staff" she said: "Please be patient, gentle & kind to him".
Actor Timothy Williams, 52, was found passed out behind the steering wheel of a vehicle around 3:15 p.m., Houston police said. The actor was released on $100 bond - about $60 higher than the best rate on Trivago for a hotel in the Houston area.
Tyronn Lue is considered a strong frontrunner to replace Luke Walton as head coach of the Los Angeles Lakers . The Lakers finished this season 37-45 and have failed the reach the playoffs over the last six seasons.
Efficiency ratio, a measure of profitability, worsened to 64.4 per cent from 63.6 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2018. But with bank valuations still below that of the S&P 500 average, downside moves to financial stocks may be limited.
In fact, Anthos is in line with what he learned at Oracle where Java was born and soon became the industry product. So, taking a leaf from his former employer's playbook, he would expand on his vision of a focused sales approach.
Millionaire wants REAL LIFE battle royale on private island
Instead, the event will provide airsoft guns, which are kind of like paintball guns, but with less mess and pain, players say. The whole thing sounds like the start of a movie, and I can see others following suit with similar events around the world.
Facebook Messenger may move back to main app
Now, however, it appears Facebook might be bringing the core messaging functions of Facebook back into the regular Facebook app. Fast forwarding four years, Facebook has finally chose to reconsider its decision on moving Chats away from the Facebook app.
Tiger Woods almost taken down by security guard at Masters
Nicknamed "The Professor", the American schooled his rivals with one of the most impressive ends imaginable to his opening round. The 43-year-old will be desperate to claim his fifth Masters title after last taking the green jacket home back in 2005.
Priyanka Chopra on Nick Jonas: I judged a book by its cover
The actress admitted that when she first met the singer, she could never imagine their relationship would reach the altar. I know what you're trying to do. "And we were like, 'Cool cool, maybe we should have prepared this a little bit more'".