More than 1 million STDs contracted every day, World Health Organization says

08 June, 2019, 18:40 | Author: Sherman Richardson
  • The World Health Organisation

More than 1 million people catch an STD, or sexually transmitted infection (STI), every day across the globe, with chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and syphilis of greatest concern. By infection, there were 127 million new cases of chlamydia, 87 million of gonorrhoea, 6.3 million of syphilis and 156 million of trichomoniasis.

The report said that untreated STIs had grave health implications, hence the urgency for access to prevent and treat these diseases.

Dr Peter Salama, of the World Health Organization, talked about: "We're seeing a referring to lack of development in stopping the spread of sexually transmitted infections worldwide".

In the case of cure, bacterial STIs will also be handled and cured with extensively readily obtainable medicines.

In 2016, syphilis was one of the leading causes of baby loss globally, resulting in an estimate 200,000 stillbirths and newborn deaths. She contrasted the fears about the HIV epidemic in the 1980s with today: fewer adolescents are anxious about HIV, and condom use is declining among those at risk for the disease, thanks to pre-exposure prophylaxis. In some cases, the diseases are passed from mother to child during pregnancy.

Taylor said the new figures show "no substantial decline", from the WHO's last published data from 2012, and again "demonstrate an incredibly high global burden of these sexually transmitted infections".

It suggests spherical one in 25 of us globally has as a minimum indubitably this sort of four STIs, with some experiencing a pair of infections on the identical time.

Timely and affordable testing and treatment are also crucial for reducing the burden of STIs globally, the United Nations agency insists, while also calling for pregnant women to be systematically screened for syphilis and HIV.

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STIs are transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal and oral sex.

Use of condoms and improved access to sexual health testing are both crucial in tackling the spread of STIs, the WHO says.

Wi also urged policymakers to support STI services and researchers to find better ways to diagnose and treat sexually transmitted infections, including cheaper, affordable point-of-care tests.

"Pregnant women should be systematically screened for syphilis as well as HIV".

The UN health agency meanwhile warned that, while all bacterial STIs have until now be easy to treat using antibiotics, drug shortages and growing antimicrobial resistance were threatening those treatments.

Dr. Tim Jinks, head of the Drug Resistant Infection program at United Kingdom medical research charity Wellcome, said in a statement that the high number of gonorrhea cases were of "particular concern", citing last year's cases of "super-gonorrhea", found in the United Kingdom and Australia "which are practically impossible to treat".

For prevalence estimates on chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis, Taylor and colleagues searched for studies from 2009 to 2016, and found 130 eligible studies.

STI symptoms can include discharge, pain urinating and bleeding between periods. On the different hand, many cases haven't any symptoms.



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